Very often it is thought that the tooth is fixed to the bone, as it is itself bone. In reality our teeth are living elements; simplifying we can say that they are secured to the bone (alveolar bone) through very strong and elastic tissues that hold the tooth fixed to the alveolus, which is the cavity of the bone prepared to contain the tooth.
These tissues are in turn covered by the gingiva which has the dual function of maintaining the tooth in its position and preserving the integrity of the tissues that hold the tooth fixed to the bone.
The structure formed by alveolar bone, tissues and gingiva is called “periodontium”.
Due to age or lack of oral hygiene, inflammation of the tissues of the periodontium may occur. These inflammations, such as gingivitis or periodontitis, if neglected and untreated can lead to mobility and tooth loss.
There may be factors that increase the risk of contracting this type of disease such as, for example, smoking, diabetes, stress or taking certain medicines.
The treatment of these pathologies, which attack the tissues of the periodontium, is entrusted to “periodontology”, a discipline of dentistry that has this name because it deals specifically with diseases that affect the periodontium.
It must be said that in periodontal diseases gingivitis can have a complete and full recovery of tissue function; on the contrary, periodontitis, which is classified into different types based on its aggressiveness, always involves an irreversible damage of the tissue and therefore a loss of connection between the teeth and the bone.
It therefore becomes important to go to a specialized dentist at the first symptoms of these pathologies such as, for example, redness, swelling or bleeding gums. Our doctors specializing in periodontology can help patients, through specific treatments and accurate therapy, to eliminate periodontium pathologies and maintain the health of the patient’s teeth.
In any case, accurate oral hygiene remains the best solution to prevent these diseases.
In our clinic it is possible to receive all the information and tools for a correct daily oral hygiene; it is also possible to do professional dental cleaning to eliminate the formation of tartar and bacterial plaque and significantly reduce the risk of gingivitis and periodontitis and the consequent loss of teeth.